Fiber Optic cable, In my earlier article, has discussed Fiber Optic Cable. Now we shall be discussing the types of Fibre Optic Cables.
The types of Fibre Optic Cables are classified into three types. They are as follows.
- Plastic Core and Cladding Fibre Optic Cable
- Glass Core with Plastic Cladding also known as PCS Fibre or Plastic – Clad Silica Fibre Optic Cable
- Glass Core and Glass Cladding is also known as SCS Fibre or Silica-Clad Silica Fibre Optic Cable
Let us know the types of fiber optic cable in detail. Read More
01) Plastic Core and Cladding:-
The first type of fiber optic cable is Plastic Core and cladding. As we discussed earlier Fibre may be plastic or glass. Plastic Fibre has more advantages than glass fiber. Plastic fiber is more flexible and rugged than glass and it is easy to install also. The plastic Core and cladding fiber is capable of withstanding more stress and is less expensive.
The plastic fiber weighs less than the glass fiber, it is about 60 % less weight than the glass fiber. The characteristic of plastic core and cladding is high attenuation. But the disadvantage of plastic core and cladding fiber is that they don’t propagate light as efficiently as glass fiber. Plastic fiber is mostly used in large complexes or in single buildings.
02) Glass Core with Plastic Cladding or Plastic Clad Silica or PCS:-
The second type of fiber optic cable is Glass Core with Plastic cladding. This fiber optic cable is also termed as PCS fiber or plastic clad silica. The glass core with plastic cladding has a characteristic of low attenuation. The glass core with plastic cladding is less attracted to radiation and hence used mostly in Military applications.
03) Glass Core and Glass Cladding or Silica Clad Silica or SCS:-
The third type of fiber optic cable is Glass Core and Glass Cladding. This is also known as SCS fiber or Silica clad silica. This Fibre optic cable has the best propagation characteristic and it is easy to terminate than the Glass core with plastic cladding fiber optic cable. But very, unfortunately, this fiber is more prone to attenuation when exposed to radiation.
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